There is a deadly fascination in words or, more specifically, in names! That language skills distinguish “modern Man” from the peoples that had existed for almost two million years seems reasonable in the light of our present (clearly incomplete)MoreThere is a deadly fascination in words or, more specifically, in names! That language skills distinguish “modern Man” from the peoples that had existed for almost two million years seems reasonable in the light of our present (clearly incomplete) knowledge.
But at the core of language lie the names that men used, not the many, many ways in which the names are used in the thousands of different languages that have evolved. This is not to disparage the skills of linguists who are able to analyze the subtleties and complexities of languages but it is (I believe) necessary to recognize the more fundamental importance of the names that have an incredible life independent of how they are used.The breadth of the importance of names evolved over many years to the writer in a series of studies that has extended for twenty years and shows no sign of ending.
It began as the simple realization (of a physicist) that most linguists were apparently using numbers (specifically statistics) without appreciating their limitations and uncertainties. Thus the admirable conception of using changes in the numbers of related languages (by an anthropologist) to look at time scales of separations of some peoples, became sanctified in some eyes under the name of “glottochronology” or “tongue-dating”. The most obvious weakness was the use of a pitifully small number of about 100 names or so for these studies and the resulting uncertainties of the results.
The writer decided to “simply” expand the data base to about 1000 cases and so began the study that eventually led to digging deeply into the history of the Indo-Europeans.The numerical study of the time scale led to a unique assessment of the place as well as the time of origin of these peoples including an understanding of the populating of Europe.
However this realization of the close linkage of this large and important group of peoples then led to the realization that their stories, their “mythologies”, were also surely closely linked. This resulted in a 10 year, deep study, of the six major mythologies of Greek, Norse, Welsh, Irish, Persian, and finally and most importantly, Indian. It is in fact it is now clear that each has a common core of the names of individuals that has lasted over 6000 years.
We present these mythology studies in detail.However this realization of this instance of the survival of names in mythologies then led to an examination of a similar possible survival of names in the thousands of languages of the world. The names that were chosen are those for the parts of the human body and some secretions and a 100-name vocabulary of these was assembled.
The first tentative explorations increased steadily in breadth and eventually led to vocabularies of “bodyparts” for over 750 languages across the World. The breadth of this study is unique. This led to the discovery that all of the languages of the World were linked and must in fact hold survivals from a common and ancient tongue- whether this is a “Mother Tongue” is still an issue.
The result has led to several Kindle publications that probably contain the core of our studies and so can be presented with some confidence. In brief, we believe that we can not only show that all languages are related but also give the broad picture of how man migrated from Africa to the rest of the world including the Americas. However, our studies clearly still leave many important questions unanswered and hopefully further useful insights will be obtained and published